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 Grammar notes: relative clauses

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Ahmedadmin1

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عدد المساهمات : 34
تاريخ التسجيل : 2012-11-10

PostSubject: Grammar notes: relative clauses   November 17th 2012, 14:12

Dear student have a look at this I think it will be useful:
[left]Grammar notes: relative clauses
Definition

A relative clause is a part of a sentence beginning with a relative pronoun (although this pronoun can be omitted in
certain cases). For example:
The company where I worked is called International Enterprises Plc.
The man who went into the baker's bought a loaf of bread.
My sister, who lives near London, is coming to visit me soon
.
Basic relative pronouns
The relative pronoun you use depends on the thing you're talking about. Generally speaking, the most basic ones are
these:
for people--- who/that
for things--- which/that
for places--- where
for reasons ---why
for times--- when
Who, which and that cannot be used indiscriminately. That can only be used in defining relative clauses.
Trickier relative pronouns
Four relative pronouns often seem to confuse people, but they're easy to use too.
WHICH
This can be used to refer to the whole part of the sentence that went before. Usually a pronoun refers to a noun, but
this refers to more. For example:
I've broken my leg, which means I can't walk.
I've still got some money left, which is surprising.

WHOM
This is hardly ever used in spoken English, and not often in written English. It sounds very formal to most people. If
you're going to use it at all, then only use it after prepositions. Even so, there's usually another less formal way to say
the same thing. For example:
The woman to whom he was talking is his sister.
The woman that he was talking to is his sister
.
WHOSE
This is used to show possession. It means basically 'of who(m)'. It can always be used for people and animals, but also
for things, though this sometimes sounds strange and it might be better to change the structure of the sentence
unless the thing is made up of people (a team, a city, an organisation). For example:
My students, whose homework is never done, will fail the exam.
The homework belongs to the students, it's theirs, so possessive.
That dog whose bone you took is going to bite your leg off.
It is - or was - the dog's bone.
The city, whose football team lost the final, never wins anything.
The city's made up of people, so it sounds OK
.
WHAT
This can be literally translated to mean 'the thing that' or 'that which'. It is not used anywhere near as often as 'which'
or 'that' and is not used in the same way. For example:
A man's gotta do what a man's gotta do.
I didn't know what he was going to do next
.
Non-defining relative clauses
These are the ones that give extra information. They are always written between commas. If you leave out the relative
clause between the commas it still makes sense. For example:
Valencia, which is Spain's third largest city, is on the Mediterranean coast.
We all know Valencia, so this is extra information not needed for understanding.
My parents, who are retired, come to Spain every year.
I've only got one set of parents.
I used to live in London, where I was born and went to school.
Defining relative clauses
These are the ones that give you the information you need to understand the sentence. There are no commas. If you
take the relative clause away, the sentence doesn't make sense. For example:
The team that wins will receive a cup and 1,000 €.
What team?
The man who lives next door is always making a noise.
What man?
Has he told you what he's going to do?
Has he told me what?

Subject and object pronouns
The use of who/which/that may depend on whether the pronoun is the subject or the object of the sentence.
For
example:
The man who spoke to me told me the story of his life.
He spoke to me, so 'who' is the subject and 'me' is the object.
The man that I spoke to told me the story of his life.
I spoke to him, so 'I' is the subject and 'that' is the object.
When the pronoun is the object it can be left out:
The man I spoke to told me the story of his life.[/left
]
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Ahmedadmin1

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عدد المساهمات : 34
تاريخ التسجيل : 2012-11-10

PostSubject: Re: Grammar notes: relative clauses   November 17th 2012, 14:19

When you are done have a look at this Quiz
Relative clauses
Put a relative pronoun into each gap. At the same time, decide whether the relative pronoun can be omitted.
1 The books, _______________ I'd ordered over the internet, took nearly three weeks to arrive.
2 The books _______________ I'd ordered from a bookshop arrived the following week.
3 My parents, _______________ were born in the north of England, moved to London to find work.
4 The man _______________ lives upstairs is always playing music when I'm trying to get to sleep.
5 The building _______________ I live in was built in the 1920s.
6 The building _______________ I live was built in the 1920s.
7 The car's making a funny noise again, _______________ means we'll have to get someone to look at it.
8 The employee to _______________ you refer is no longer working for this company.
9 Do you remember the name of the man _______________ car you crashed into?
10 Have you any idea _______________ they were arguing about?
11 Have you any idea _______________ they were arguing?
12 The hotel _______________ we stayed was very good for the price.[/code]
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nasseradmin2



عدد المساهمات : 2
تاريخ التسجيل : 2012-11-18
الموقع : Saad Basic School

PostSubject: Re: Grammar notes: relative clauses   November 18th 2012, 13:45

It is really a wonderful work.All the best and keep on
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marwan alhinai 10/4



عدد المساهمات : 14
تاريخ التسجيل : 2012-11-24
العمر : 20
الموقع : Rustaq

PostSubject: Re: Grammar notes: relative clauses   November 26th 2012, 19:26

... اشكركم جميعا على هذا المجهود الطيب
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Mohammed Aladawi

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الموقع : AlRustaq

PostSubject: Re: Grammar notes: relative clauses   November 26th 2012, 19:34

وآنــآ آسآهم الشكر لكم مـع الأخ مرـوـآن
شكـرــآ لكم
تحيآتي Mohammed
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Ahmedadmin1

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PostSubject: Re: Grammar notes: relative clauses   November 27th 2012, 15:39

Thank you for your participation
marwan alhinai 10l4 and Mohammed Aladawi
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Ahmed alaufi 10\4

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PostSubject: Re: Grammar notes: relative clauses   December 22nd 2012, 18:56

[Good work]]
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Ahmed alaufi 10\4

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PostSubject: Re: Grammar notes: relative clauses   December 22nd 2012, 19:07

Complete this text

This is m..................brother Moosa.He is in grade six.He live i................ salalah. hi likes foot............ .He doesnt like ten................. . He usually wears a dishdasha a............... a cap.




انتضر الاجابات bounce lol!
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